This book relies heavily on scientific findings from genetic research into the human genome and the genomes of other species to offer insight about how the human species Homo sapiens us beat out its Homo cousins and took over the world.
Chapter 0 as of December 29, Only an expert can deal with the problem. Laurie Anderson on the album Homeland In the old pioneer days, we are led to believe, everyone was his own expert. There was the village blacksmith, the local preacher and the town prostitute, but every citizen could make a horse shoe, pray, and, well, whatever.
In the early s, as Jacobs noted in Cities and the Wealth of Nations, its founders, three English brothers named Higgins and their families, possessed a wide range of knowledge and skills: As production moved to separate places factories, officesand became organized into small parts, general knowledge no longer sufficed, and disappeared.
Specialization at first followed the Adam Smith sense: It is more efficient if one person makes nails, one person saws lumber, and someone else is a carpenter.
The specialist did not necessarily know something someone else did not. He may have been a little more skilled, but more importantly he was in work position the fire was already stoked or had the capital the saw was powered by a water wheel in the running river by which specialization and trade made all parties better off.
If one person extrudes a pin and puts a head on it to make it a nail, he has to put one tool down, and take the nail to another station where he uses a different tool.
Two people can make more than twice as many nails in the same amount of time, each one doing a single operation.
In professions, the ancillary effect specialization made one better at what he did dominated the primary effect specialization made the system more efficient.
When the eye doctor told my father, Morris, to bathe his eyes in boric acid every night, he did so. Then it was determined that boric acid is not good for eyes. The same doctor now told him not to do it any more.
They were specialists, those eye doctors. Therefore, to Morris, they were experts. I had been taking Vitamin C and E supplements for over 40 years, and believed they had done me some good. So I started adding Vitamin D. But then in November,that information was reversed: The very high levels of vitamin D that are often recommended by doctors and testing laboratories — and can be achieved only by taking supplements — are unnecessary and could be harmful, an expert committee says.
Was there a control group of people who did not take these supplements, and a treatment group of those who did? Actually, none of the above.
Although synthesizing past knowledge sounds reasonable, it is fraught with the danger of not understanding the differences among studies. It is implicitly assumed that the expertise behind all of the previous work is comparable, so that one need only average them.
Some of these studies might have been better conceived or effectuated than others. An average finding could be misleading, even outright incorrect.
This reporter seems clueless. Some people tell us that vitamin supplements are useless, we do not need them, and we cannot absorb them orally. The Vitamin D Council oh yes, there is one tells us: The two main ways to get vitamin D are by exposing your bare skin to sunlight and by taking vitamin D supplements.
Most people who take this supplement—I remain one of them—consume perhaps 2, units of Vitamin D3, supposedly the most absorbable variety. I think, despite the New York Times headline, that one is well advised to take this supplement in the quantity most people take it. People who tell you otherwise are not experts.
Referring to his report on the health effects of smoking, he wrote about his report on diet: The depth of the science base underlying its findings is even more impressive than that for tobacco and health in Once again, the so-called expert medical advice was not only wrong, it was perverse. How would we know?
Many of us have long been told that saturated fat, the type found in meat, butter and cheese, causes heart disease.
But a large and exhaustive new analysis by a team of international scientists found no evidence that eating saturated fat increased heart attacks and other cardiac events.""Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, Guns, Germs, and Steel is a brilliant work answering the question of why the peoples of certain continents succeeded in invading other continents and conquering or displacing their peoples." "Facinating discussion of why some cultures .
BGG Wargamers Book Club Subscription List. Hunga Dunga. Canada Maple Ridge British Columbia "Jared Diamond’s Guns, Germs and Steel is a Aventis and Pulitzer prize winning book that tackles the issue of why some civilizations thrive, flourish and expand while others do not.
while the British leaders were fighting for gold and diamonds. In Jared Diamond’s follow-up to the Pulitzer-Prize winning Guns, Germs and Steel, the author explores how climate change, the population explosion and political discord create the conditions for the collapse of .
This is Jared Diamonds most personal book to date, as he draws extensively from his decades of field work in the Pacific islands, as well as evidence from Inuit, Amazonian Indians, Kalahari San people, and .
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies (also titled Guns, Germs and Steel: A short history of everybody for the last 13, years) is a transdisciplinary non-fiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
Chapter Summary for Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel, epilogue summary. Find a summary of this and each chapter of Guns, Germs, and Steel! Find Study Resources.