He had done nothing to promote himself as a candidate for the presidency and had agreed to undertake the mammoth task with the utmost reluctance. Relations with the former "mother country" deteriorated until it seemed that another war with Great Britain might be inevitable.
Visit Website Seeking to regain control of the region, France backed Emperor Bao and set up the state of Vietnam in Julywith the city of Saigon as its capital.
Both sides wanted the same thing: But while Ho and his supporters wanted a nation modeled after other communist countries, Bao and many others wanted a Vietnam with close economic and cultural ties to the West.
According to a survey by the Veterans Administration, someof the 3 million troops who served in Vietnam suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder, and rates of divorce, suicide, alcoholism and drug addiction were markedly higher among veterans.
When Did the Vietnam War Start? The Vietnam War and active U. The French loss at the battle ended almost a century of French colonial rule in Indochina. The subsequent treaty signed in July at a Geneva conference split Vietnam along the latitude known as the 17th Parallel 17 degrees north latitudewith Ho in control in the North and Bao in the South.
The treaty also called for nationwide elections for reunification to be held in Eisenhower had pledged his firm support to Diem and South Vietnam.
Though the NLF claimed to be autonomous and that most of its members were not communists, many in Washington assumed it was a puppet of Hanoi. Kennedy in to report on conditions in South Vietnam advised a build-up of American military, economic and technical aid in order to help Diem confront the Viet Cong threat.
Bythe U. Gulf of Tonkin A coup by some of his own generals succeeded in toppling and killing Diem and his brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu, in Novemberthree weeks before Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Congress soon passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolutionwhich gave Johnson broad war-making powers, and U.
In MarchJohnson made the decision—with solid support from the American public—to send U. By June, 82, combat troops were stationed in Vietnam, and military leaders were calling formore by the end of to shore up the struggling South Vietnamese army.
Despite the concerns of some of his advisers about this escalation, and about the entire war effort amid a growing anti-war movement, Johnson authorized the immediate dispatch oftroops at the end of July and anotherin Westmoreland pursued a policy of attrition, aiming to kill as many enemy troops as possible rather than trying to secure territory.
Heavy bombing by B aircraft or shelling made these zones uninhabitable, as refugees poured into camps in designated safe areas near Saigon and other cities.
Even as the enemy body count at times exaggerated by U. Additionally, supported by aid from China and the Soviet Union, North Vietnam strengthened its air defenses.William Henry Harrison's presidency was the shortest in American history.
He died 31 days after taking office in Franklin D. Roosevelt served the longest, over twelve years, before dying early in his fourth term in He is the only U.S. president to have served more than two terms. Presidents of the United States – Wikipedia.
The history of the United States is what happened in the past in the United States, a country in North America. Native Americans have lived there for thousands of years. English people in went to the place now called Jamestown, Virginia.
- Founding Fathers draw up new constitution for United States of America. Constitution comes into effect in Constitution comes into effect in - George Washington elected first president .
American History US Presidents Basics Important Historical Figures Timelines & Key Events Native American History American Revolution Civil War Summary of the Presidential Race.
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Speaking Fees for Former Presidents Top $, American presidents hold the most powerful office on earth and occupy a unique place at the center of national and world events. At once chief executive, head of state, commander-in-chief, and. president of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the United States." PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES AND THEIR VICE PRESIDENTS Inauguration Date End of Presidency President: Home Vice President: Home.