He was depicted as either an older, bearded god or an effeminate, long-haired youth. His attributes included the thyrsos a pine-cone tipped staffa drinking cup and a crown of ivy.
Its everywhere in our daily lives—sometimes elegant, other times shabby, but generally ubiquitous. How often do we stop to examine and contemplate its form and style?
Architectural tradition and design has the ability to link disparate cultures together over time and space—and this is certainly true of the legacy of architectural forms created by the ancient Greeks. The Erechtheion, B. Greek architecture stretches from c.
Greek architecture influenced Roman architecture and architects in profound ways, such that Roman Imperial architecture adopts and incorporates many Greek elements into its own practice. An overview of basic building typologies demonstrates the range and diversity of Greek architecture.
The basic form of the naos emerges as early as the tenth century B. This basic form remained unchanged in its concept for centuries. In the eighth century B. During the Archaic period the tenets of the Doric order of architecture in the Greek mainland became firmly established, leading to a wave of monumental temple building during the sixth and fifth centuries B.
Greek city-states invested substantial resources in temple building—as they competed with each other not just in strategic and economic terms, but also in their architecture. Perhaps the fullest, and most famous, expression of Classical Greek temple architecture is the Periclean Parthenon of Athens—a Doric order structure, the Parthenon represents the maturity of the Greek classical form.
A prostyle temple is a temple that has columns only at the front, while an amphiprostyle temple has columns at the front and the rear. Dipteral temples simply have a double row of columns surrounding the building. One of the more unusual plans is the tholos, a temple with a circular ground plan; famous examples are attested at the sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi and the sanctuary of Asclepius at Epidauros.
Early examples, often employing the Doric order, were usually composed of a single level, although later examples Hellenistic and Roman came to be two-story freestanding structures.
These later examples allowed interior space for shops or other rooms and often incorporated the Ionic order for interior colonnades. American School of Classical Studies, Digital Collections Greek city planners came to prefer the stoa as a device for framing the agora public market place of a city or town.
The South Stoa constructed as part of the sanctuary of Hera on the island of Samos c. Many cities, particularly Athens and Corinth, came to have elaborate and famous stoas. View of 20th century reconstruction of the Stoa of Attalos, Agora, Athens original c.
At Corinth the stoa persisted as an architectural type well into the Roman period; the South Stoa there abovec. From the Hellenistic period onwards the stoa also lent its name to a philosophical school, as Zeno of Citium c.
Theater View of the theatre at the Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus, c. Theatre at the Sanctuary of Asclepius at Epidaurus, c. Theaters often took advantage of hillsides and naturally sloping terrain and, in general, utilized the panoramic landscape as the backdrop to the stage itself.
The Greek theater is composed of the seating area theatrona circular space for the chorus to perform orchestraand the stage skene. Tiered seats in the theatron provided space for spectators. Two side aisles parados, pl. The Greek theater inspired the Roman version of the theater directly, although the Romans introduced some modifications to the concept of theater architecture.
In many cases the Romans converted pre-existing Greek theaters to conform to their own architectural ideals, as is evident in the Theater of Dionysos on the slopes of the Athenian Acropolis. Since theatrical performances were often linked to sacred festivals, it is not uncommon to find theaters associated directly with sanctuaries.
These select representatives assembled to handle public affairs and represent the citizenry of the polis in ancient Athens the boule was comprised of members.
House Greek houses of the Archaic and Classical periods were relatively simple in design. Houses usually were centered on a courtyard that would have been the scene for various ritual activities; the courtyard also provided natural light for the often small houses.
The ground floor rooms would have included kitchen and storage rooms, perhaps an animal pen and a latrine; the chief room was the andron— site of the male-dominated drinking party symposion.Ancient Greek Theatre.
Definition. by Mark Cartwright published on 14 July in the original theatres of ancient Greece. Editorial Review . Ancient Greece was a civilization that dominated much of the Mediterranean thousands of years ago. At its peak under Alexander the Great, Ancient Greece ruled much of Europe and Western Asia.
Delphi Day Trip from Athens. Ancient Greece is the civilization that existed roughly between the 8th century BC and AD, and Delphi was said to represent the center of it. GENERAL INFORMATION: Historical Overview of Greece - Great source for detailed information on any aspect of Ancient Greece..
Classical History and Antiquity. Perseus Project- A great source to search. Map of Ancient Greece. Our modern theater owes its origins to the ancient Greeks.
Here is a study guide for classical (Greek and Roman) drama (tragedy, comedy, and . Greek tragedy was a popular and influential form of drama performed in theatres across ancient Greece from the late 6th century BCE.
The most famous playwrights.