Apostrophes are also used to shorten the names of dates decades: The Apostrophes uses ar'ent always clear-cut. In the above example sentence the words are not should be joined together contracted into aren'tas the letter o in not is dropped and replaced by an apostrophe which "glues" are and not together.
It explains what functions the heavenly and earthly bodies have and offers guidance on how to behave toward gods, spirits, and one's ancestors. Formal essay dos and donts Igbo believe the world is peopled by invisible and visible forces: Reincarnation is seen as a bridge between the living and the dead.
However, many of its practices are locally organized, with the most effective unit of religious worship being the extended family. Periodic rituals and ceremonies may activate the lineage larger kinship unit or the village, which is the widest political community.
The Igbo believe in a supreme god who keeps watch over his creatures from a distance. He seldom interferes in the affairs of human beings.
No sacrifices are made directly to him. However, he is seen as the ultimate receiver of sacrifices made to the minor gods. To distinguish him from the minor gods he is called Chukwu—the great or the high god.
As the creator of everything, he is called Chukwu Abiama. There are also minor gods, who are generally subject to human passions and weaknesses. They may be kind, hospitable, and industrious; at other times they are treacherous, unmerciful, and envious.
These minor gods include Ala, the earth goddess. She is associated with fertility, both of human beings and of the land. Anyanwu is the sun god who makes crops and trees grow. Igwe is the sky god, the source of rain.
In addition to their gods, the Igbo believe in a variety of spirits whose good will depends on treating them well. Forests and rivers at the edge of cultivated land are said to be occupied by these spirits.
Mbataku and Agwo are spirits of wealth. Others include Aha njoku the yam spirit and Ikoro the drum spirit. The Igbo attitude toward their deities and spirits is not one of fear but one of friendship. In addition, each town has its own local festivals.
Those in the spring or summer are held to welcome the new agricultural cycle. In the fall, harvest festivals are held to mark the end of the cycle. At this time the umbilical cord is buried at the foot of a tree selected by the child's mother.
The name-giving ceremony is a formal occasion celebrated by feasting and drinking. A wide variety of names may be chosen. The name may be based on anything from the child's birthmarks to the opinion of the diviner, or seer.
The name Nwanyimeole —"What can a woman do? Onwubiko —"May death forgive"—expresses the fact that parents have lost many of their children and pray that this child may survive.
The process of marrying a young Igbo woman is a long, elaborate one. It is rarely accomplished in less than a year and often takes several years. The process falls into four stages: Death in old age is accepted as a blessing. After death, the body is clothed in the person's finest garments.
The corpse is placed on a stool in a sitting posture. Old friends and relatives visit and pay their last respects. Young men wrap the corpse in grass mats, carry it out to the burial ground, and bury it. When the head of a family dies, he is buried beneath the floor of his house.
Burial generally follows within twenty-four hours of death. Respect is given to males, and to older persons. Children are always required to offer the first greeting to their elders.The Part 1 question will be an essay on a given topic.
A set of notes on the topic will be provided, and will include three bullet points. Candidates will be asked to select two of the bullet points and to base their essay on those two points.
Part 1 is compulsory. Candidates are given input in the form of an essay title to respond to, along with accompanying notes to guide their writing.; In Part 2 candidates choose one from a choice of three questions.
They are expected to be able to write text types such as an article, a formal or informal letter/email, a review or a report.
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DOs & DON'Ts Writers often want to know, for instance, if and when it is possible to use personal pronouns such as I, we, and you? This is a good question and unfortunately, it . Some Basic “Dos and Don’ts” WRITING SERVICES - UNCW - DePAOLO HALL, 1ST FLOOR - The following list of “dos and don’ts” for academic writing is a general list of recommendations.
These rules will not apply equally across the disciplines or even from class to class within the. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word apostrophe comes from the Greek apostrophes, meaning “turning away” (to one in particular).
An apostrophe symbolizes letters that have been “turned away”, or discarded, in order to make a word shorter or easier to pronounce. Transcript of Dos and Don'ts of formal writing and MLA.
Quotes within quotes: "The Importance of Imagery in George Orwell's Essay 'Shooting an Elephant'" What Makes a Reliable Resource? Is the person (or organization) a specialist or professional in his or her field? Has the source been reviewed by others in the field who recognize it as.