What You Need To Know Updated August 30, Even though medical marijuana law is still a gray area, a growing number of patients in the US are turning to marijuana as an alternative to prescription pain killers. As ofan estimated 52 million Americans over the age of 12 years old use prescription drugs for non-medical purposes.
Also, rates of marijuana use are often higher in people with symptoms of depression or anxiety, as reported by the NIDA. There have been no reports of THC overdose leading to death. Marijuana Effects on the Heart Shortly after smoking marijuana the heart rate increases drastically and may remain elevated for up to 3 hours.
This effect may be enhanced if other drugs are taken with marijuana. One study from Mittleman, et al has suggested that the risk of heart attack may increase by up to 4. The effect may be due to the increased heart rate, as well as altered heart rhythms.
The risk of heart attack may be greater in those with specific risk factors such as patients with high blood pressure, heart arrhythmia, or other cardiac disease.
Harvard Health also reports that the risk of a heart attack is several times higher in the hour after smoking marijuana than it would be normally, and this should be a red flag for anyone with a history of heart disease. The risk of stroke may be increased, as well.
Marijuana Effects on the Lungs After smoking marijuana, the bronchial passage relaxes and becomes enlarged. Marijuana smoke contains many of the same cancer-causing chemicals found in cigarette smoke, often in greater quantities, as reported by Mehmedic and colleagues.
Both types of smoke contain cancer-causing nitrosamines, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, vinyl chlorides, and phenol per research reported by Martinasek. Studies have shown that marijuana smoke contains 50 to 70 percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke, and is an irritant to the lungs.
Marijuana users tend to inhale more deeply and hold their breath longer than tobacco smokers do, which further increases lung exposure to carcinogenic smoke. People who smoke marijuana often have the same respiratory problems as cigarette smokers.
These individuals may have daily cough and phlegm, symptoms of chronic bronchitis, shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing and more frequent chest colds. A systematic review of the respiratory effects of inhalational marijuana from Martinasek, et al indicates that there is a risk of lung cancer from inhalational marijuana as well as an association between inhalational marijuana and spontaneous pneumothorax, emphysema, or COPD.
In the review, eight of the 12 studies indicated an increased risk of lung cancer from cannabis use or cases indicating lung cancer occurrence. Drug Interactions With Marijuana Combining marijuana with other CNS depressant drugs that also cause drowsiness or sedation such as alcohol, barbiturates, sedating antihistamines, anti-anxiety medications, opiate pain killers, etc can magnify the drowsiness.
DO NOT drive if you are under the influence of marijuana, alcohol or any sedating drug. A study from Hartman, et al shows that low doses of alcohol can significantly elevate the concentrations of THC in the blood. Marijuana use can raise the heart rate tachycardia and may be dangerous if used with other drugs that may also increase the heart rate.
People with cardiovascular disease should avoid marijuana use. The cannabinoids in marijuana THC, cannabidiol can affect liver enzymes and may alter the blood levels and effects of medications. Drug interactions are often unpredictable or undocumented with marijuana and extreme caution should be exercised.
These numbers could rise as more states continue to legalize marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes. Due to possible adverse effects of marijuana on the fetus, ACOG recommends that marijuana should be avoided during pregnancy. Any drug of abuse can affect a mother's health.
THC appears to cross the placenta, according to Davies et al. Human fetuses exhibit the cannabinoid receptor type 1 in the nervous system as early as 14 weeks of gestation, and animal studies suggest cannabinoid exposure may lead to abnormal brain development.
As reported by de Moraes Barro and colleagues, babies born to adolescents who used marijuana during pregnancy have shown adverse neurological behavior effects of the newborns in the first 24 to 78 hours after delivery. Most reports do not show an association between marijuana use and preterm birth.
However, as noted by ACOG, studies have suggested the use of marijuana with tobacco may increase the risk for preterm delivery. In addition, research demonstrates that babies born to mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy at least once per week or more were smaller than those born to mothers who used the drug less frequently.
Studies on school performance have shown differing results: THC is excreted in breast milk, according to Davies, et al. ACOG recommends that marijuana use be discontinued during breastfeeding.
The scientific data are not strong enough to determine the risk to the nursing infant. Addictive Potential of Marijuana A drug is addicting if it causes compulsive, uncontrollable drug craving, seeking, and use, even in the face of negative health and social consequences.
Research suggests that roughly 9 percent of users become addicted to marijuana, with higher rates if the user starts at a young age 17 percent and in those who use marijuana daily percent. While not everyone who uses marijuana becomes addicted, when a user begins to seek out and take the drug compulsively, that person is said to be dependent or addicted to the drug.
Some heavy users develop a tolerance to marijuana; meaning that the user needs larger amounts to get the same desired results that he or she used to get from smaller amounts, as noted by the NIDA.
Long-term users who try to quit could experience withdrawal symptoms such as sleeplessness, irritability, anxiety, decreased appetite and drug craving. Withdrawal symptoms usually begin about a day after the person stops using marijuana, peaks in 2 to 3 days and may take about 1 to 2 weeks to subside.Marijuana use has more than doubled in the U.S.
since the beginning of the century — but so have problems for users, including addiction, researchers reported Wednesday. They found percent. We aim at making it very easy to buy weed online with best delivery option across the World, quality customer service, and providing the best solution to patients to .
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Should We Legalize Marijuana? - In today’s world one of the growing debates is the legalization of marijuana. Nowadays people use “weed” for many different purposes. Marijuana Vs. Prescription Drugs: What You Need To Know. Updated August 30, Even though medical marijuana law is still a gray area, a growing number of patients in the US are turning to marijuana as an alternative to prescription pain killers.