Theory[ edit ] Alcoholism is a chronic problem.
His great-grandfather was the son of Norwegian immigrants. His parents divorced in when Lance was two.
The next year, his mother married Terry Keith Armstrong, a wholesale salesman, who adopted Lance that year. Eddie Gunderson died in He stopped swimming-only races after seeing a poster for a junior triathloncalled the Iron Kids Triathlon, which he won at age Armstrong's total points in as an amateur were better than those of five professionals ranked higher than he was that year.
At 16, Lance Armstrong became a professional triathlete and became national sprint-course triathlon champion in and at 18 and 19, respectively. InArmstrong won 10 one-day events and stage races, but his breakthrough victory was the World Road Race Championship held in Norway.
He was 97th in the general classification when he retired after stage He is alleged by another cyclist competing in the CoreStates Road Race to have bribed that cyclist so that he would not compete with Armstrong for the win. However, he was able to compete for only five days in the Tour de France.
In the Olympic Gameshe finished 6th in the time trial and 12th in the road race. Joining him in signing contracts with the French team were teammates Frankie Andreu and Laurent Madouas.
Two months later, in Octoberhe was diagnosed with advanced testicular cancer.
Cancer diagnosis, treatment and recovery On October 2,at age 25, Armstrong was diagnosed with stage three advanced testicular cancer embryonal carcinoma. But with the kind of cancer he had, with the x-rays, the blood tests, almost no hope.
The standard treatment for Armstrong's cancer was a "cocktail" of the drugs bleomycinetoposideand cisplatin or Platinol BEP. The first chemotherapy cycle that Armstrong underwent included BEP, but for the three remaining cycles, he was given an alternative, vinblastine etoposideifosfamideand cisplatin VIPto avoid lung toxicity associated with bleomycin.
Armstrong's primary oncologist there was Craig Nichols. Shapiro,  a professor of neurosurgery at Indiana University. Armstrong's final chemotherapy treatment took place on December 13, Shortly afterward he was told that his contract with the Cofidis team had been cancelled.
By JanuaryArmstrong was engaged in serious training for racing, moving to Europe with the team. Inhe won the eighth stage and in ; he took stage 18 which he dedicated to teammate Fabio Casartelli who had crashed and died on stage Armstrong dropped out of the Tour after the fifth stage after becoming ill, a few months before his diagnosis.
In he won the Tour de France, including four stages. However, the absence of Jan Ullrich injury and Marco Pantani drug allegations meant Armstrong had not yet proven himself against the biggest names in the sport.
Stage wins included the prologue, stage eight, an individual time trial in Metzan Alpine stage on stage nine, and the second individual time trial on stage The race began a six-year rivalry between Ullrich and Armstrong and ended in victory for Armstrong by 6 minutes 2 seconds over Ullrich.
Armstrong took one stage in the Tour, the second individual time trial on stage InArmstrong again took top honors, beating Ullrich by 6 minutes 44 seconds.
InUllrich did not participate due to suspension, and Armstrong won by seven minutes over Joseba Beloki. Only a minute and a second separated the two at the end of the final day in Paris.
Postal won the team time trial on stage four, while Armstrong took stage 15, despite having been knocked off on the ascent to Luz Ardidenthe final climb, when a spectator's bag caught his right handlebar. Ullrich waited for him, which brought Ullrich fair-play honors.
Ullrich was fourth, a further 2 minutes 31 seconds behind. Armstrong won a personal-best five individual stages, plus the team time trial. He became the first biker since Gino Bartali in to win three consecutive mountain stages; 15, 16, and The individual time trial on stage 16 up Alpe d'Huez was won in style by Armstrong as he passed Ivan Basso on the way despite having set out two minutes after the Italian.
He won the final individual time trial, stage 19, to complete his personal record of stage wins. InArmstrong was beaten by American David Zabriskie in the stage 1 time trial by two seconds, despite having passed Ullrich on the road. His Discovery Channel team won the team time trial, while Armstrong won the final individual time trial.
But still, the American champion handled them well, maintained his lead and, on some occasions, increased it. Another record achieved that year was that Armstrong completed the tour at the highest pace in the race's history: UCI rules say a cyclist has to be in an anti-doping program for six months before an event, but UCI allowed Armstrong to compete.This page has links to newer argument and opinion essays on this site.
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There are many types of drug tests and hair follicle drug test . Drug abuse is widespread in many countries. Every society, every age and ethnic group, every social class, and every family has been touched by the devastating effects of drug addiction.
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Some of the things I said in the article are no longer true of . Lifting the Veil An Investigative History of the United States Pathocracy.
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