Cultural sociology[ edit ] Architecture is the visual shape "Gestalt" of society. And within that, all the various building types architecture of consumption, of mobility, of the political and religious, as well as factories, prisons, cinema buildings, etc. Sociology of architectonic artifacts[ edit ] The sociology of technology offers approaches to a sociology of architectonic artifacts. Initially, this sociology is interested in technical matters.
The article examines how sociological theories e.
Various sociological subfields, such as sociology of culture, community and urban sociology, environmental sociology, and sociology of space and place also have close connections to architectural sociology. Architectural sociology focuses on how architecture influences and is influenced by society and its organizations, as well as by human behavior.
In the United States, in the early twentieth century, the Chicago School of Sociology was born, with early researchers interested in how industrialization was creating and structuring the burgeoning city of Chicago.
Today, sociologists study almost any type of social behavior and the social structure of society. One branch of sociology closely related to urban sociology is the sociology of architecture.
Structural Functionalism Symbolic Interactionism, and Postmodernism Structural functionalism and social conflict study social topics at the macro level where research methods focus on large number of people such as census data.
Symbolic interactionism studies society at the micro level, where researchers study social behavior on a smaller scale, sometimes as small as a case study. Finally, postmodernism falls between the macro and micro levels and into a somewhat unique category of its own, taking into consideration aspects such as globalism and new technologies that can affect how society functions.
Structural Functionalism One of two primary macro level perspectives in sociology is the functionalist perspective, which focuses on those aspects of society that contribute to its smooth functioning.
All the parts of society should contribute to its order and stability.
Because consensus among members of a society is necessary for its ability to function well, people generally tend to agree on the values, beliefs, and rules of that society. Students of the sociology of architecture might study, for example, how the smaller structures of today's typical housing development, do not allow for the extended family to live together as in agrarian times when grandparents, parents, and even aunts and uncles lived together.
Social Conflict A second macro level perspective in sociology is the social conflict perspective, which focuses on the struggle for control of the wealth, power, and prestige of a society. Karl Marx was perhaps the first conflict theorist when he identified the class struggle between the bourgeoisie the owners of the means of production and thus, the more powerful members of society, and the proletariat everyone else who sold their labor for a paycheck and had a much weaker social position.
In order to maintain the status quo and their privileged position, the bourgeoisie ruling class, or the elite would tend to define culture in terms that allow them to maintain their power.
Conflict theorists contend that unequal groupings around such things as race, gender, religion, politics, age, and social class usually have these types of conflicting values and agendas, causing a ubiquitous struggle between them.
The sociology of architecture from this perspective might look at the often-substandard housing of the poor in segregated areas of a city, or town. Symbolic Interactionism As its name implies, the symbolic interactionism perspective focuses on how people interact with each other and make subjective interpretations of meanings for themselves.
Symbols, including language, can be interpreted differently in a variety of social situations, even though within a particular culture, subculture, or counterculture, the meanings have the same, or a similar meaning. But symbolic interactionists are interested in studying how we shape and reshape our reality through an ongoing interaction among social objects, self, and others.
Culture is made up of material objects such as buildings, desks, computers, and books. It is also comprised of social identities such as being a physician, a mother, or a sales clerk. And culture is also comprised of nonmaterial things such as values, ideas, rules, and symbols, including language.
Researchers interested in the study of designing environments within organizations such as companies, hospitals, or schools, often use symbolic interactionism.
This allows them to see how physical environments contain cues that communicate messages to people reminding them of their expected roles, who they are within the organization, and what is expected of them. For example, a receptionist, who is expected to greet visitors to the organization, would necessarily be placed in an open area just inside the main door.
He or she would act as a barrier to the offices within the organization to which a visitor must receive permission to enter. The receptionist would also have several means of communication available at his or her station: Some researchers argue that material items, such as a desk, can perform a significant role in the construction and development of self.
The desk may represent many years of working for the same company, and may even have been handed down in a family whose members performed the same work. Consider the desk of the President of the United States, a desk that has been used for over two centuries by historic figures who came before.
The desk represents that history, and the challenges, along with the respect, that the office demanded. Others have discovered that workers who receive the interest of the management in the form of experimenting with differing work environments, will often increase their production and efficiency, not so much because of a design change, like better lighting, but because of the Hawthorne Effect.
Management did want to try different lighting to see if it would affect worker production.True works of architecture are not fully understood without the inclusion of American model of public and private relationships as they relate to architectural design of public spaces; Independent educators may wish to review and revise the delivery.
Sociology. Architectural sociology addresses the purpose of architecture as it relates to our society.
Even if architectural sociology is an emerging subfield, it draws on the existing fields of environmental psychology, ecological sociology, organizational ecology, organizational sociology, and community sociology. Framing architecture in this way is a useful starting point, as it expresses a sense of, first, the durable, structural relationship between architects and the powerful actors and institutions that commission buildings, and, second, the ways in which this relationship is normalized through practices within the architectural field.
View Relationship Between Urbanism and Sociology (Interaction Between Architecture & Society) Research Papers on monstermanfilm.com for free. THE INTERTWINED RELATIONSHIP BETWEEM SOCIOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURE: Sociology is the scientific study of human behavior while architecture is defined as the planning, designing and oversight of the construction of buildings.
Sociology of architecture is the sociological study of the built environment and the role and occupation of architects in modern societies. Architecture is basically constituted of the aesthetic, the engineering and the social aspects.