History[ edit ] The Seminole emerged in a process of ethnogenesis from various Native American groups who settled in Florida in the 18th century, most significantly Creeks from what is now northern Florida, Georgia and Alabama. These people became known as Black Seminolesestablishing towns near Indian settlements. A smaller group — possibly fewer than — refused to leave Florida and moved deep into the Evergladeswhere they avoided settlers and thrived in pseudo isolation. They fostered a culture of staunch independence.
The Seminole Indians, one of Seminole tribe so-called "Five Civilized Tribes," were forcibly removed to the Indian Territory present Oklahoma in the first half of the nineteenth century.
The Seminole were originally part of the Creek, a loose confederacy of ethnic groups and tribes in southern Georgia, northern Florida, and Alabama. During the late eighteenth century some Lower Creek villages on the middle Chattahoochee River cut their political and social ties with their neighbors and moved south into northern Florida.
There they became known as Seminole, perhaps a derivation of cimarron, a Spanish term for runaway. By the nineteenth century the Seminole were deemed a threat to the slaveholding culture of the American South and thus were designated for pacification and removal.
In three ensuing wars the Seminole resisted these efforts. The first group of migrants, under the leadership of Chief Holahte Emathla, arrived in present Oklahoma in By most of the Seminole had been relocated west.
By they numbered about 3, in the Indian Territory. There they eventually formed the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma.
A minority of the Seminole between and remained in Florida. A separate Seminole Nation of Florida formed in After their relocation to the Indian Territory the Seminole were initially confined to the Creek Nation.
There the United States allowed them to have some self-governance, but only if they adhered to the general laws of the Creek. Frustrations with these terms and the general conditions in the region led two bands of Seminole under Wild Cat and John Horse to migrate to Mexico in Originally there were twenty-four towns in this territory, which is present Seminole County in Oklahoma.
Under the Curtis Act of the Dawes Commission dissolved the Seminole government and divided its territory among approximately three thousand enrolled tribe members.
The restrictions that accompanied allotment did little to protect their interests in the land. Through sale, often by fraudulent means, many Seminole families and individuals lost their land holdings.
By only about 20 percent of the Seminole lands remained in Seminole hands. Of those who retained their property, a few became wealthy following the discovery of the Greater Seminole Oil Field in The policy of allotment was repealed by Congress in By the following year the Seminole had reestablished their government.
In the tribal council was reorganized to adhere to its traditional structure. Contemporary Seminole society contains fourteen matrilineal bands.
Two of the bands are called "Freedmen bands," named after the former slaves who formed them. These bands structure politics and many aspects of daily life.
Each elects a chair and vice chair, who run the monthly band meeting. In addition, each band elects two representatives to serve on the Seminole Nation General Council. This legislative body meets at least four times a year in the General Council House, which is located near Seminole.
The government of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma is led by an elected chief and an assistant chief.
In there were approximately 13, enrolled members of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma.Seminole Nation of Oklahoma Official Website. Annual CGTrader Scholarship Education.
What is the Annual CGTrader Scholarship? Seminole Indians, Seminole Nation (Creek: Sim-a-no’-le, or Isti simanóle, ‘separatist’, ‘runaway’).A Muskhogean tribe of Florida, originally made up of immigrants from the Lower Creek towns on Chattahoochee river, who moved down into Florida following the destruction of the Apalachee and other native tribes.
They were at first classed with the Lower Creeks, but began to be known. Kids learn about Native American Indian Seminole Tribe. Their history, language, clothing, food, homes, fun facts, and government.
U.S. Seminole Tribe of Florida v. Florida CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT. Seminole Tribe of Florida official homepage is dedicated to the rich history, culture, and services of the Florida Seminole Indians.
A spokesperson for the Seminole Tribe of Florida, Gary Bitner issued a statement following Cesar Sayoc’s arrest on October Bitner relayed that Sayoc had multiple variations of his name, but.