Background Philosophical reflection on punishment has helped cause, and is itself partially an effect of, developments in the understanding of punishment that have taken place outside the academy in the real world of political life. A generation ago sociologists, criminologists, and penologists became disenchanted with the rehabilitative effects as measured by reductions in offender recidivism of programs conducted in prisons aimed at this end Martinson This disenchantment led to skepticism about the feasibility of the very aim of rehabilitation within the framework of existing penal philosophy.
Pinterest Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead is senior economist at the International Labour Office and founder of the Fair Wage Network he writes in his personal capacity; these are his views and do not necessarily reflect those of the ILO To achieve fair wages in the garment sector requires action on different fronts and from different actors.
The current pressure from brands, NGOs, governments, international organisations, and the media plays an important role in unravelling unfair wage practices. It is important that the right laws and policies are developed by governments such as minimum wage and collective bargaining.
Recent initiatives from NGOs and governments on the living wage have also helped place wages at the core of the debate on supply chains. Retaining fair wages among sustainability indicators for measuring the performance of major corporations would also contribute.
But it is also essential to encourage factory managers to move towards better wage practices at factory level, not only through audits but by helping them find the right wage-fixing mechanisms: Pay systems in many garment suppliers in China for instance are still dominated by the piece rate system too often associated with low wages, excessive overtime, disciplinary attendance bonuses and alienating working rhythms.
Fairer pay systems, wage adjustment mechanisms and social dialogue institutions are all different pieces that will represent the necessary leverage to pay a living wage and move towards fair wages and sustainable development. At the same time, it is also important to identify with brands what are the purchasing and ordering practices that should be changed to place suppliers in a better situation to pay fair wages.
The right of a worker to meet with their employer and ask for a better wage, alone or as part of a group, has subtly been pushed aside. The real employer in the globalised economy is the brand, who pays just enough for suppliers to manage poverty wages.
But brands refuse to negotiate directly with workers, so when local unions try to call for more pay they hit a glass ceiling. In order to combat poverty pay we have to fix the systems that allow workers to negotiate in the global economy.
This means local unions and brands signing wage agreements together. Yet the hands of production country governments are tied. Leadership has to come from those with the economic power to drive change.
That said this should not deter us from collectively having this as a shared ambition. For us it makes moral sense as well as commercial sense and we are looking at it from a different pair of eyes.
We see this as a key driver to enable workers to be more empowered right across the supply chain. This collaborative approach is also why we were one of the signatories to the Cambodian government urging an increase in the minimum wage in that country and the Bangladesh Accord agreement.
Governments also have a responsibility as well. By working with everyone involved in the garment industry from manufacturers through to NGOs, sharing best practice, collectively working together we are positive that we can influence effective change.
Coming from a union background, I would say that the best wage is one negotiated between workers and their unions and factories. As legal minimum wages are generally very low, an important first step is measuring the gap between actual wages being paid and living wage estimates.
Next steps include understanding the impact of paying a living wage on product costs and ensuring workers actually receive any increases. In the end, living wages should be a normal cost of doing business.
Based in Delhi, she tracks the human rights impacts positive and negative of companies in south Asia and seeks responses from companies when civil society raises concerns Garment workers across Asia, who supply the fashion you find in high street stores in the west, do not earn enough to provide three nutritious meals a day, basic health care, and housing for themselves and their families.Steps of the Scientific Method Detailed Help for Each Step; Ask a Question: The scientific method starts when you ask a question about something that you observe: How, What, When, Who, Which, Why, or Where?
For a science fair project some teachers require that the question be something you can measure, preferably with a number. Check the prior five steps starting with an assessment of how deeply you actually want to achieve the goal. This six-step goal setting and achieving system seems simple, but it is a powerful system for achieving your goals and resolutions and even living your dreams.
Fair and Just Culture, Team Behavior, and Leadership Engagement: The Tools to Achieve High Reliability Allan S Frankel, Michael W Leonard, and Charles R Denham Address correspondence to Allan S. Frankel, M.D., Director of Patient Safety, Partners Healthcare, .
Just as you were about to call the customer and accept the project, one of your employees, Phil, knocked on the door. He entered your office, politely placed a. Define Fair and Just Culture.
A Fair and Just Culture is one that learns and improves by openly identifying and examining its own weaknesses. Organizations with a Just Culture are as willing to expose areas of weakness as they are to display areas of excellence.
The principles of justice and fairness point to ideas of fair treatment and "fair play" that should govern all modes of exchange and interaction in a society.
They serve as guidelines for carrying out justice.